What is Karma: Meditation Explained

by | 11 Apr, 2024

A serene landscape with a lotus flower in the center

Karma, a term that has been widely used and often misunderstood, is a fundamental concept in many Eastern philosophies, including Buddhism and Hinduism. It is often associated with the idea of cause and effect, action and reaction, or, in simpler terms, what goes around comes around. However, the concept of Karma is much more complex and nuanced than these simple explanations suggest.

Within the context of meditation, Karma plays a significant role in understanding our thoughts, actions, and their consequences. It is not just about retribution or reward, but about learning, growth, and spiritual development.

Understanding Karma

Karma, in its most basic form, refers to the law of action and reaction. It is a Sanskrit term that literally translates to ‘action’ or ‘deed’. But in the philosophical context, it is more than just physical action. It encompasses thoughts, words, and deeds, all of which can have positive or negative consequences depending on their nature.

The concept of Karma suggests that our past actions influence our present circumstances, and our present actions will shape our future. It is not a system of punishment or reward but a natural law of the universe, akin to the law of gravity. Understanding this can help us make mindful choices in our lives.

The Three Types of Karma

According to ancient scriptures, there are three types of Karma: Sanchita, Prarabdha, and Kriyamana. Sanchita Karma refers to the accumulated Karma from past lives. Prarabdha Karma is the portion of Sanchita Karma that is responsible for the circumstances of our current life. Kriyamana Karma, on the other hand, is the Karma we are currently creating through our thoughts, words, and actions.

Understanding these types of Karma can help us comprehend why certain things happen in our lives and how our actions can influence our future. It can also guide us in making choices that lead to positive outcomes and spiritual growth.

Karma and Reincarnation

Karma is closely linked with the concept of reincarnation or rebirth. The idea is that the Karma we accumulate in our current life will determine the circumstances of our next life. This cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, known as Samsara, continues until we achieve liberation or Moksha.

While the concept of reincarnation may not resonate with everyone, the underlying principle of Karma – that our actions have consequences – is universally applicable. It encourages us to live mindfully and ethically, knowing that our actions can impact not only our lives but also those around us.

Karma and Meditation

Meditation and Karma are intrinsically linked. Meditation is a practice that helps us cultivate mindfulness and awareness, both of which are crucial in understanding and navigating Karma. By meditating, we can gain insights into our thoughts, actions, and their consequences, thereby enabling us to make more mindful choices.


Furthermore, meditation can help us deal with the effects of past Karma. It can provide us with the mental clarity and strength to face our past actions and their consequences, learn from them, and move forward in a positive direction.

Meditation Techniques for Understanding Karma

There are several meditation techniques that can aid in understanding and dealing with Karma. One such technique is Vipassana or insight meditation. This technique involves observing one’s thoughts, feelings, and sensations without judgment. It helps us see the impermanent nature of all phenomena, including our Karma.

Another technique is Metta or loving-kindness meditation. This practice involves cultivating feelings of love and kindness towards oneself and others. It can help us create positive Karma by promoting compassionate thoughts and actions.

Dealing with Past Karma through Meditation

Meditation can also help us deal with past Karma. By cultivating mindfulness, we can become aware of our past actions and their consequences. This awareness can lead to acceptance, forgiveness, and healing. It can also guide us in making amends and taking corrective actions.

Moreover, meditation can help us let go of guilt, resentment, and other negative emotions associated with past Karma. By fostering a sense of inner peace and equanimity, it can help us move forward with grace and wisdom.

Implications of Karma in Daily Life

Understanding Karma can have profound implications in our daily lives. It can guide us in making ethical decisions, foster empathy and compassion, and promote personal and spiritual growth. It can also help us understand the interconnectedness of all beings and the impact of our actions on the world around us.

Furthermore, the concept of Karma can provide comfort and solace during challenging times. It can help us make sense of our experiences and encourage us to learn and grow from them. It can also inspire us to live mindfully and purposefully, knowing that our actions can shape our destiny.

Karma and Ethics

Karma is closely tied to ethics. It encourages us to act responsibly and ethically, knowing that our actions can have consequences. It promotes values such as honesty, integrity, compassion, and respect for all beings. By living in accordance with these values, we can create positive Karma and contribute to a more peaceful and harmonious world.

Moreover, understanding Karma can help us deal with ethical dilemmas. It can guide us in making decisions that are not only beneficial for us but also for others. It can also inspire us to stand up for what is right, even when it is difficult.

Karma and Personal Growth

Understanding Karma can also contribute to personal and spiritual growth. It can help us become more self-aware, mindful, and compassionate. It can also encourage us to learn from our mistakes, grow from our experiences, and strive for self-improvement.

Moreover, understanding Karma can foster resilience and perseverance. It can help us see challenges as opportunities for growth and transformation. It can also inspire us to pursue our goals and dreams with determination and courage, knowing that our efforts can bear fruit in the future.


Understanding Karma can enhance our meditation practice and enrich our lives in many ways. It can provide us with a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us. It can also guide us in living mindfully and ethically, fostering personal and spiritual growth, and dealing with life’s challenges with grace and wisdom.

While the concept of Karma may seem complex and mysterious, it is essentially about understanding the law of cause and effect and applying it to our lives. By doing so, we can create a positive ripple effect in the world and pave the way for a brighter and more fulfilling future.